What is the puck made of?
The puck is made of vulcanised rubber. It is three inches in diameter, one inch thick and weighs six ounces.

How fast does the puck travel?
Some players have been known to unleash shots between 90 and 100mph, while the game’s hardest shooters have reached 110mph.

Can a puck be kicked into the net for a goal?
A puck can deflect off a skate or a player’s body for a goal only if no blatant attempt is made to kick or throw it in.

Frequently a netminder ventures far out in front of the net. Doesn’t this leave a greater target for the opposition to shoot at?
Usually when a netminder comes out in front it is to reduce the shooting area, cut down the angle of the shooter or force the attacker to unleash his shot sooner or wider than he wants.

How are the markings (lines, circles, goal crease, etc.) applied to the ice?
The ice is built up to a half-inch thickness by spraying water over a concrete floor, which has freezing pipes embedded. The markings are then painted on, after which additional water is sprayed to “coat” the marking and build the ice to the prescribed thickness.

How thick is the ice?
Ice for professional hockey is approximately 3/4″ thick and is usually held at 16 degrees F.

How do I determine a team’s winning percentage?
Divide total points by total number of possible points (two for each game).

How do I determine a netminder’s or team’s goals-against average?
Multiply total number of goals allowed by 60, and divide that figure by minutes played.

How do I determine a netminders or team’s save percentage?
Subtract total goals against from total shots against to get total number of saves made. Divide total number of saves made by total number of shots against.

How is power play percentage determined?
Total number of power play goals divided by total number of power play opportunities.

How is penalty killing percentage calculated?
Subtract total number of power play goals allowed from total number of shorthanded situations to get total number of power plays killed. Divide total number of power plays killed by total number of shorthanded situations.

How do I determine a player’s or team’s shooting percentage?
Divide total goals scored by total number shots taken.

What is plus-minus?
A player receives a “plus” if he is on the ice when his team scores an even-strength or shorthanded goal. He receives a “minus” if he is on the ice for an even-strength or shorthanded goal scored by the opposing team. The difference in these numbers is considered the player’s plus-minus statistic.

When is a shot considered a “shot on goal”?
If a player shoots the puck with the intention of scoring and if that shot would have gone in the net had the┬ánetminder not stopped it, the shot is recorded as a “shot on goal”.

What is a game-winning goal?
The goal that gives the winning team one more goal than the losing team.

How is the time for a goal determined when it is scored in the last minute?
If a penalty or goal occurs in the last minute, the time is rounded off to the previous second (ex: if a goal is scored with 12.4 seconds left in a period, the time is indicated as 19:47).

What is the roster limit for each team?
Each team should dress twenty skaters and two netminders per game.

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